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# WH- questions (Question Words)

There are two main types of questions: Yes/No questions and WH- question. WH-questions are questions starting with WH-words including: what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how.

Question words are used to ask about specific qualities, times, places, people and so on. Below is a list of question words and example sentences:

Question words

Usages

Examples

What

- What are you doing?

- What do you think about the movie?

When

- When will the meeting start?

- When are you leaving?

Where

- Where’s my bag?

- Where do you live?

Who

- Who do you love the most in your family?

- Who told you that story?

Whom

- Whom did you see in the morning?  I saw Mr. Mark, my English teacher.

- Whom was Jim talking to? He was talking to Jack, his new roommate.

Which

- Which one do you choose? The left or right?

- Of all the drinks in the menu, which one would you like?

Whose

- Whose pencil is this? Is it yours?

- Whose books are these?

Why

- Why did it happen? I didn’t understand.

- Why is he crying?

How

- How can you explain this problem? Please tell us.

- How can you get here?

#### I. How to form WH-questions?

##### 1. with an auxiliary

WH-WORD + AUXILIARY + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB …?

• Auxiliary verbs are helping verbs (not main verbs).
• Common auxiliary verbs include be, do, have. Others are will, shall, would, can, could, must, should, may, might, etc.
• What do you do for a living?
• Why should we read books?
• When is she coming?
##### 2. without any auxiliary
###### (when WH-words replace subjects already)

WH-WORD + MAIN VERB …?

• What happened to Peter?
• A bad accident happened to him today.
• Who won the game?
• Tio won the game.
• Who gave you this present?
• My cousin gave me this present.

#### II. Responding to WH-questions

##### 1. What
• What is it?
• It’s a table.
• What color is your dress?
• It’s purple.
• What is your mom doing?
• She’s cooking in the kitchen.
• What do you think about the party?
• Well. It’s fun. I like the music best.
• What will happen if our team loses this time?
• We’ll be out of the game.
##### 2. When
• When will the train arrive?
• The train will arrive in 30 minutes.
• When does she get up?
• She gets up at 6 am.
• When did the party end?
• It ended before 8 pm.
• When are you going to visit James?
• I’m going to see him tomorrow.
##### 3. Where
• Where do you live?
• I live in Washington D.C.
• Where are you going?
• I’m going to the zoo.
• Where’s the coffee bar?
• It’s between the supermarket and the cinema.
• Where did you leave my jacket?
• I left it in my bedroom.
• Where have you been?
• I’ve been in the library reading books.
##### 4. Who
• Who’s this?
• She’s my new roommate.
• Who wants to be a scientist in the future?
• My sister does. I don’t.
• Who would you like to travel with?
• I would like to travel with my best friend, Kim.
• Who told you that secret?
• Jenny did. She told me everything.
• Who do you like the most in this class?
• I like Henry. He’s so friendly.
##### 5. Whom
• Whom should we talk to?
• We should talk to the principal. She’s responsible for student issues.
• Whom did you see yesterday?
• I saw Kevin and his girlfriend.
• Whom would you like to interview?
• I would like to interview Mr.Patrick, the director.
• Whom do we have to contact?
• We have to contact the representative of that company.
• Whom did you meet in front of the building last week?
• That was Annie, my secretary.
• Whom do you know in this class?
• I only know Danny.
• Whom are you going to invite?
• I’m going to invite all of my classmates
• With whom do you agree?
• I agree with Henry’s team.
##### 6. Which
• Which shirt do you like?
• I like the one with the big yellow star on it.
• Which color do you choose?
• I choose red.
• Which part do you like the most in this story?
• I love the 2nd part when the prince came and proposed to the princess.
• Which is the longest river in the world?
• That’s the Nile.
• Which one is yours?
• Mine is the biggest one.
##### 7. Whose
• Whose jacket is this?
• It’s my mom’s.
• Whose birthday is today?
• It’s Jenny’s.
• Whose pencil is on the floor?
• That’s mine.
• Whose team is better?
• Will’s team is much better.
##### 8. Why
• Why don’t we visit him now?
• It’s a good idea.
• Why did you leave so early?
• Because I didn’t enjoy the party.
• Why do you think that he loves you?
• Because he’s given me lots of chocolate on Valentine’s day.
• Why do people celebrate Thanksgiving?
• Because it’s a special day.
• Why can’t I go to the cinema now?
• Because you haven’t done your homework.
• Why are you so late?
• Sorry, teacher. I missed the bus.
##### 9. How
• How’s the weather?
• It’s sunny and hot.
• How do you feel?
• I feel much better now.
• How did you know him?
• We were old friends.