4

Conditionals

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Conditional type

Usages

Forms

Examples

IF CLAUSE

MAIN CLAUSE

Zero conditional

Used to talk about the general truths/ things that are always true

Present simple

Present simple

- If you heat ice, it melts.

- If it rains, everything gets wet.

 - Your heart beats faster if you’re worried.

First conditional 

Used to talk about real or possible situations

Present simple

WILL + Verb-bare

-If I win the game, I’ll get some prizes.

- She’ll get bad score if she doesn’t study hard.

 - If the weather is nice tomorrow, we’ll go camping.

Second conditional

Used to talk about unreal or impossible situations at present

Past simple

WOULD + Verb-bare

-If I met him yesterday, I would tell him the truth.

- I would pass the exam if I studied hard.

 - If Sally drove more carefully, she wouldn’t have any accident.

Third conditional

Used to talk about unreal or impossible situations in the past

Past perfect

WOULD HAVE + Past participle

-If Jane had known the truth, she would have been very shocked.

- I would have won the competition if I had tried harder.

 - If I had finished homework earlier, I would have gone to the movies.

 

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