Used to talk about the general truths/ things that are always true
- If you heat ice, it melts.
- If it rains, everything gets wet.- Your heart beats faster if you’re worried.
Used to talk about real or possible situations
WILL + Verb-bare
-If I win the game, I’ll get some prizes.
- She’ll get bad score if she doesn’t study hard.- If the weather is nice tomorrow, we’ll go camping.
Used to talk about unreal or impossible situations at present
WOULD + Verb-bare
-If I met him yesterday, I would tell him the truth.
- I would pass the exam if I studied hard.- If Sally drove more carefully, she wouldn’t have any accident.
Used to talk about unreal or impossible situations in the past
WOULD HAVE + Past participle
-If Jane had known the truth, she would have been very shocked.
- I would have won the competition if I had tried harder.- If I had finished homework earlier, I would have gone to the movies.
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