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Passive voice

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 Difference between active and passive voice:

  • check
    Active voice: describe the subject doing the action
  • check
    Passive voice: used when the focus is on the action. The one doing the action is not important.
  • Active: Marry cleaned the classroom.
  • Passive: The classroom was cleaned (by Marry).

Forms

Examples

Positive

Subject + Tobe + Verb – past participle

A rose is sent to her every day.

Negative

Subject + Tobe + NOT + Verb – past participle

Tom wasn’t invited to the party. Tom was so sad.

Question

Tobe + Subject + Verb – past participle?

Will it be done tomorrow?

Passive voice with tenses

Subject

Tobe (conjugated)

Verb – past participle

Present simple

Subject

Am/ is/ are

Am/ is/ are

The room is cleaned every two days.

Present continuous 

Subject

Am/ is/ are + being

Verb – pp

The room is being cleaned now.

Present perfect

Subject

Have/ has + been

Verb – pp

The room has been cleaned since Monday.

Past simple

Subject

Was/ were

Verb – pp

The room was cleaned yesterday.

Present perfect

Subject

Was/ were + being

Verb – pp

The room was being cleaned this time last week.

Past continuous

Subject

Was/ were + being

Verb – pp

The room was being cleaned this time last week.

Past perfect

Subject

Had been

Verb – pp

The room had been cleaned before he came.

Past continuous

Subject

Was/ were + being

Verb – pp

The room was being cleaned this time last week.

Simple future (WILL)

Subject

Will be

Verb – pp

The room will be cleaned tomorrow.

Simple future (BE GOING TO)

Subject

Am/ is/ are + going to  + BE

Verb – pp

The room is going to be cleaned on Monday.

Future continuous

Subject

Will be being

Verb – pp

The room will be being cleaned at 7 pm tonight.

Future perfect

Subject

Will have been

Subject

The room will have been cleaned before midnight.

Modal verbs:

 Can/ could/ may/ might/ should/ must/ …

Subject

Modal + be

Subject

The room must be cleaned by Friday.

 

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