Preposition of Time and Place in English (with Example Sentences)

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A preposition is a word (such as in, from, to, at, on, etc.) which is used before a noun or pronoun to show place, position, time or method.

 Prepositions of time: in, on, at, etc.

  • Preposition of time refers to the time.

Preposition

Usages

Examples







In 

Centuries

The event happened in the 20th century.

 She was the only writer born in the 19th century.

Seasons

I’m going to France in the winter.

He likes going to the beach in the summer.

Years

He was born in 1990.

This house was built in 2000.

Months

We’ll take the test in June.

They are going to get married in December.

Parts of day

He usually has a snack in the afternoon.

I get up at 6 am in the morning.




On 

Days

My mom always goes shopping on Mondays.

He doesn’t go to school on Sundays.

Dates

Her birthday is on the first of May.

He’s leaving on the fifth of October.

Particular days

I wish to get a doll on my birthday.

Jim gave his girlfriend a rose on Valentine’s day.



At 

Clock time

My grandpa goes to bed at 9 pm.

My wife starts working at 8am.

Short and precise times

at night, at noon, at lunchtime, at sunset

Don’t stay up late at night.

See you at lunchtime.

Prepositions of place: in, on, at, behind, above, in front of, under,...

  • Preposition of place refers to the position and direction.

Preposition

Usages

Examples









In 

Room, town, country

The baby has gone. She isn’t in the room.

He’s working in New York now.

Nina is an American. She was born in America.

Car, ​taxi

There’s a doll in the car.

I’m in the taxi now. I’ll get there in 5 minutes.

Picture

Who’s this sexy lady in the picture?

What can you see in the picture?

Book

I saw this writer in the book Harry Potter.

There are lots of lively illustrations in the book.

The World

Which is the longest river in the world?

Have a look at 3 best countries in the world. What do you think?








On 

Streets

My house is on Jackson street.

The kids are playing on the street.

Islands

He lives on this island.

There are not many people living on that island.

Surfaces:

table, floor, wall

My teacher put the books on the table.

Please put your shoes on the floor.

The picture on the wall is fantastic.

A certain side (left, right)

Max is the tall boy standing on the right.

Human heart is on the left side.

Public transports

We’re on the bus.

Please switch your phone into airplane mode if you’re on a plane.

TV, radio

I saw her yesterday on TV.

There have been lots of advertisements on radio these days.




At 

For events

My grandpa goes to bed at 9 pm.

My wife starts working at 8am.

Meaning “next to”

at night, at noon, at lunchtime, at sunset

Don’t stay up late at night.

See you at lunchtime.

Somewhere typical

I am at school, while my parents are at work.

 Jim is watching movie at the cinema.


Behind

At/ toward the back of something/ someone

There is a big box behind the car.

Can you see the street behind the building?


In front of

The opposite of behind

The rabbit is in front of the tree.

The girl is standing in front of the mirror.



Under

Below the surface of something/ covered by something

The board is below the picture.

Jimmy has a scar below his right eye.



Above

To a higher level than something/ someone (opposite with below)

The plane is flying above the tree.

Please turn on the projector above your head.


Across

From one side to the other side of something

The duck is swimming across the lake.

The boy helped his grandma walk across the crowded street.


Into

To a position in/ inside something

Throw the trash into the dustbin please.

I can’t go into the water since it’s too cold.

 

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